GTMUN 2021 HS Press Corp Blog

Committee Session IV Stories

The Unanimous Response to Global Drone Usage

In the General Assemblies Two Committee, the second topic that was discussed was the usage of drones. Fiji, and almost every other country, took a similar stance on the issue of drone usage. The delegate from Fiji stated that drone usage should be allowed, but there should be regulations so that drones do not get out of hand. The delegate from Fiji also stressed the importance that drone usage be more accessible for all countries, including third world and undeveloped countries. Fiji argued that accessible drone usage is a necessary initiative which will prevent a power imbalance between lower income countries and higher income countries. The Russian Federation, a country closely aligned with Fiji in this matter, expressed the importance of morality in the usage of drones. Since the Russian Federation is a much larger country than Fiji, the delegate had to focus on the role of drones in the military. The delegate from Russia stated that the assembly needed to address the “moral obligations of sending armed unmanned aerial vehicles to kill major, powerful, yet evil groups of people, such as terrorists.” Aside from this, the Russian Federation also believes that the use of drones in commercial use is also extremely important, especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, where physical interaction has been limited.

Nepal and Kuwait were two other countries that shared the same values as Fiji, although Kuwait was slightly more wary of drone usage than the other countries. The delegate from Kuwait expressed that the gulf war, where drones caused lots of destruction, created an uneasy relationship between Kuwait and drones. Furthermore, in 2019 the attack on Saudi Arabia forced many drones to enter Kuwait airspace, which caused many casualties. In Kuwait, there are strict regulations for drone usage, even for regular civilians using them just for fun. Overall, there is a negative connotation of drones in Kuwait, but they still support the usage of them, as long as there are regulations and limits in place to control them. The final country interviewed was Nepal. Currently, Nepal has no military drones employed, and similarly to Kuwait, there are strong regulations on recreational usage of drones for citizens of Nepal. Nepal believes that drone usage is justified, as long as other countries have regulations on them, are transparent about drone usage, and use drones especially for humanitarian efforts and peaceful purposes.

Written By Fiji One

A “New Silk Road”?  

China, a grave powerhouse, always pushing their views on others. Skewing their citizens beliefs with censorship of the media. Dictating what one may or may not do. Why would anyone want to listen to what they propose?  You may ask, what is so bad about them? Why not listen to them? The short answer to this question, China is putid.  

In all seriousness, during session 4 of the ILO, the countries were debating China’s idea of a belt road initiative. This is essentially a long railroad connecting Europe, Asia, and Africa to transport goods as well as keep migrants safe from human traffickers. They want to create a “new silk road”. China again went off topic, not even relatively discussing the issue they were called to solve.  

In ILO, the delegates were called to create an initiative to ensure the rights of foreign migrant workers in the work force. During the session, the Chilean delegate brought up a fascinating point, the rights of these workers do not include the promise of not being trafficked. Rights are described as something that is guaranteed to an individual. Even with an increase in safety will you truly be free from human trafficking? Since we as humans are unable to control everyone and everything, is this purposed right to be free from all forms of trafficking justified?  

China, again, an unreliable powerhouse simply cannot be trusted with the power they would be given if their proposed “belt & road initiative” were to be ratified. China has proven time and time again they are untrustworthy and do not deserve power.  

Written By Anadolu Agency

The Relevance of Refugee Children’s Education Within Iranian Proposal

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) reached a consensus concerning the solutions for expanding internet access to lesser developed nations, with all but one resolution passing. As the delegations within UNESCO progress onto their next discussion regarding the expansion of education amongst refugees, a similar consensus is reached between the various nations. It is visible that most delegations are adamant about providing the proper education for displaced children, specifically within their own country. Nations such as Iran and China have prominent refugee populations, with The Republic of Iran being home to the third largest refugee population in the world. This issue is extremely relevant for Iran, due to its dispersion of Afghanistan peoples. Afghanistan is currently under political, economic, and social turmoil as a result of war, poverty, famine, and corruption. Their peoples flee to neighboring countries, such as Iran, to escape the conflicts that have impacted their nation for decades. The Republic of Iran emphasizes the utmost importance of creating accessible education for their refugee population, where 500,000 out of the almost 800,000 Afghani refugees are children. Iran proposes to advance their current policy, which is the documentation of displaced persons. Iran discusses their success with their documentation procedure, which helps all refugees access proper health care and job opportunities in order to help them grow in a foreign land. The expansion of this plan would implement education for the child population, granting them available and accurate schooling, based on location and age. 

Written By Islamic Republic News Agency

The People’s Republic of China prevails after backlash within the International Atomic Energy Agency

Despite conflicts concerning possible motive and committee jurisdiction, the People’s Republic of China was able to pass a paper under the International Atomic Energy Agency, alongside the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Argentine Republic. The paper was passed in the committee with a 16 to 1 vote, a remarkable feat as China’s delegation received intense backlash during the first and second session of the committee. The main point that other committees took issue with was China’s approach of applying the Belt and Road initiative, a solution that has been observed within China’s delegation throughout several committees. The paper that was passed detailed the Triple I Initiative, which pushed innovation, implementation and infrastructure. The Triple I Initiative is a modified version of the Belt and Road Initiative and was created through collaborative effort, along with input of the concerns from other country delegations. 

However, out of the four resolutions presented in the IAEA, only three passed. The only resolution that did not pass included the delegations of the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Norway, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Russian Federation. The resolution, which was at first a unanimous solution, was then turned down due to what the delegation from Greece described as “political shenanigans” levied by the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Kuwait. The resolution of Egypt and Kuwait was, adversely, also one of the three that passed, which made light of the alleged unfriendliness that the Hellenic Republic pointed out.

Written By Xinhua News Agency

China Taking Over the Beltin Road Initiative

The rights of immigrants have been an issue in debate for years. While delegates met in the ILO to solve these issues, they had trouble coming to a solution they could all agree on. The main issue… China. While most of the delegates were on board with the Beltin Road Initiative. This initiative would help to support all economy’s of developing and developed countries. Our very own country of Australia supported this initiative and believed this would help to promote the rights of immigrant workers in different countries. China wanted to expand the program and allow one country (China) to be in charge. China planned to call this the “new silk roads.” However, countries like Japan believed there would not be enough support from the government to implement China’s plan. If China is able to stop being selfish and be open to new ideas from other countries then the ILO may be able to implement the Beltin Road Initiative and help solve Immigrant Workers rights.

By Australia Broadcasting Corporation

Un Punto de Inflexión en la Gestión de Residuos

No element of life is untouched by Cuba’s industrial hazardous waste pollution crisis. Land, air, and water are tainted by the adverse effects of a lack of solid framework surrounding waste collection and disposal. The United Nations General Assembly Plenary is currently drafting resolutions to dispel this crisis. The Delegation of Cuba, having entered the committee with a goal of creating effective resolutions that would bring together developed and underdeveloped nations, initially forged an alliance with France and the Holy See. Their draft resolution included measures such as a Waste Management Advisory Board, which would further the goals of the paper by ensuring their proper implementation. However, facing technicalities pertaining to the validity of the participation of the Holy See as a sponsor, the paper was nullified. 

Now, the Delegation of Cuba is working towards implementing her goals through amendments to other draft resolutions on the table. This includes Draft Resolution 1.3, spearheaded by Norway and Pakistan. The resolution stresses the importance of educating individuals and corporations on waste management and creates a “Perfect Partnership Program,” pairing an underdeveloped country with a developed one for the sake of sharing resources and knowledge on waste management. Another resolution, formulated by the Middle Eastern and African Alliance, is called WREA. WREA stands for waste reduction, education, and application. Using a public waste management ranking system as an incentive, the alliance hopes its goals will be well received by member states. These papers leave Cuba with a crucial and pivotal decision: which resolution to add amendments to. The amendments will, in addition to expressing support for the bloc as a whole, incorporate some of Cuba’s crucial insight into the chosen paper. Seeing as the Delegation of Cuba has garnered the support of much of the Plenary with her innovative and unique solution ideas, it is highly likely that whichever paper she chooses to support will be one of the, if not the only, draft resolution to be passed into effect.

Written By Presna Latina

Addressing Prejudice against Women

With two resolutions passed on the topic of Overcoming Barriers to Technological Development, General Assembly Three is ready to move on to the topic of incorporating women into the workforce. Countries such as Japan and Canada are moving towards incorporating women into the workforce and creating work environments rid of blatant misogyny. The committee has started to discuss ways to combat systems in place to keep women out of the workforce, and nations are, for the most part, in agreement that women must be a vital part of the workforce in ways that they haven’t before. The main differences so far have just been about to what extent women should be incorporated with developed nations believing that their female populations should maintain their level of involvement at the level that they are whilst delegates from developing nations have been advocating for an increased role of women in the workforce. 

This debate shows the existence of levels of inequality in the various countries represented in the United Nations. Despite the United Nations is an organization dedicated to Human Rights, women are often not part of the picture. While countries should have their own sovereignty, women have become second-class citizens in entire regions of the world. And it is concerning that nations and groups of nations continue to have a seat at the table for conversations on human rights while their women aren’t even allowed to listen in on the conversations. Countries creating policy need to also look at the culture of their countries and how they keep their women down. Cuba has spoken to this saying that their culture of “machismo” can often keep women down even though they have legal equality. As delegates debate, they are hoping to address societal issues as well as policy and it is an exciting sight to see.     

Even though developed countries are working towards maintaining rights for women in the workforce, they must also realize their shortcomings when it comes to maintaining women in the workforce. Women often face lower wages, no maternity leave, and prejudice against them in their work environments, even in “developed” countries. The suppression of women is not as clear as whether they can do something or not. It is about the second-class citizen status they have been given and how they will face suppression no matter what. And as they debate, delegates should start to consider the prejudicial systems in place to suppress women as well as the more substantial systems.

Societal issues based on prejudice and opinion are just as important as literal issues concerning the policies of an issue. While difficult to address it is vital that delegates address the culture and society of their cultures when trying to champion human rights.

Written By Polska Agencja Prasowa

Nuclear Power

No matter how your country views nuclear power; it can be agreed that it is powerful. Countries in the IAEA proved to be more solution oriented compared to other committees, focusing mainly in ideas they all agreed on.

Countries agreed that control at current nuclear resources is easier to accomplish quickly compared to the removal all together. Greece suggested for more developed countries to aid ones that didn’t have the money to efficiently deal with their nuclear waste. Italy brought up the point of up to date management of power plants. China added that investment in pre-existing programs is necessary with Norway backing up this point.

Eqypt then furthers the point that we have to put forth efficient effort as climate change is also a prevelent issue. The moderated caucus concludes with a warning from Japan that we can’t overstate and put smaller countries at risk.

It seems that with the work of the IAEA, managing nuclear waste is nothing to stress about.

Written by Khaama Press

The law of unintended consequences 

“To educate is always an act of hope, one that calls for cooperation in turning a barren and paralyzing indifference into another way of thinking that recognizes our interdependence.” As Pope Francis so eloquently puts it, to be educated is to prevent catastrophes from happening in the first place. Education is still a controversial topic in this committee, with various resolutions offering different solutions to this pressing issue. However, the Holy See continues its support for the AIR policy due to its unfaltering emphasis on youth education, prevention, and private data protection. What sets it apart from other initiatives is how AIR considers domestic guidelines to protect nation sovereignty. Additionally, it offers a generalized view on the right to be forgotten, with an international board on a global scale. The Holy See urges other delegations to not forget Mario Costeja González and his pyrrhic victory against Google. While Costeja González won his fight for a right to be forgotten, the fight was unforgettable. With the AIR policy, prevention is its main goal. This could be through the use of the proposed online seminars, which not only provide safety but also would educate the public on the right to be forgotten. This representative hopes other delegates agree with its stance as the GA6 committee moves forward into voting procedure. 

Written By Holy See Press Office

Committee Session III Stories

Expanding Internet Access to Venerable Populations

In UNESCO, the discussion over censorships continues. Discourse regarding funding will no longer seems to be an issue while censorship is.

During a moderated caucus, countries stood firm in the their beliefs regarding censorship. Countries such as Brazil, Cuba, Chile, and China emphasized government control and how beneficial it is. On the other hand, Iran, New Zealand, Greece, Kuwait, Tunisia, Poland, and Austria all voiced the role censorship plays in restricting civil rights.

Then a QandA session of Paper 1.3 began. Authors, including countries such as the U.K., France, and Japan, answered questions mainly regarding how much power developed nations have over underdeveloped ones. Giving claims such as “developed countries only fund meaning they have no extensive power” and “corruption isn’t an issue”, countries began to distrust 1.3.

A poll was then ran to see how UNESCO felt about 1.3. Apart from the authors, Iceland and Iraq supports Indonesia, Iran, and Fiji show lukewarm support. On the contrary, Poland, New Zealand, Denmark, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Chile, Yemen, Pakistan, and Russia do not support 1.3 whatsoever. Many countries express their concern to their imperialism aspect. Russia states how we “need” poorer countries to stay poor.

Written By Khaama Press

The growing concern regarding censorship amongst nations within UNESCO

Within The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), nations discuss the matter of expanding internet access throughout less developed countries (LDCs). As countries join together to find an efficient and sustainable solution to the expansion of technological advancements to LDCs, conflict arose between parties. The Republic of Iran, China, Brazil, and Cuba united together to form a revised proposal of their previous solution propositions. Iran’s previous policies consisted of the enforcement of censorship within the spread of technology, and the management of ideas and information spread amongst the internet, through national sovereignty. With this, Iran would only unify with China’s already active solution if the implementation of censorship would be granted to individual nations. China agreed and proceeded to the unification. While this granted nations with the accessibility of controlled internet regulation, many nations saw this as a threat to the freedom of citizens within populations. For example, Greece had many concerns with the policy regarding its reliability and proposed issues with the rights of people within a nation. The unification also caused nations such as Finland and Côte d’Ivoire to revoke their alliance with China due to the added censorship clauses. Brazil however, rebuttals Greece’s concerns by asserting the importance of the protection of citizens rights and their sheltering from harmful material. Bangladesh voiced their concern, and addressed China and The Republic of Iran by explaining the lack of international law to regulate governments restrictions on materials. Cuba responds by assuring that internet and technological review will go through international law, rather after the review, the country would be able to assess the situation based on the lawful decision. The Republic of Iran emphasizes the importance of regulation, as it’s country and peoples are formed under one, national rule. They remain to be a nation who stands as one, to provide themselves with a more specific and controlled form of power. 

Written By Iranian Republic News Agency

MNCs with Regards to Human Rights Abuses

This morning, arguments broke out in General Assembly Fourth Committee, SPECPOL, discussing the involvement of multinational corporations (MNCs) in human rights abuses. With three working papers, and voting of amendments coming up, stress level is high. While each paper varies in core ideas, their main goal remains similar: to recognize the affect multiregional corporations have on developing countries. Both the STEP (support transparency education preventative) and CLBE plans suggest a single, universal, definition of “human rights abuses,” while the SALE (system addressing labor extortion) plan argues for regional definitions. During a moderated caucus, Denmark stated that an overarching definition does not “benefit the global community,” as reported by the Republic of Korea, but instead harms countries with different or unique morals. Speaking for the STEP plan, the Republic of Korea noted that with regional definitions, MNCs will flock to nations with the lowest standards and continue to exploit those areas. China, sponsoring the CLBE plan, originally proposed definitions of human rights abuses based on economic status, but this idea was abandoned after being shut down by many nations. 
In an interview with Nepal, a supporter of the CLBE plan, they remarked that both the STEP and SALE plans put little focus into the financial aspect and noted that there was a “lack of understanding” present in those blocs. Cambodia continued this discussion in a moderated caucus, questioning how funding in the STEP and SALE plans can come from individual governments. Tunisia’s response emphasized the use of NGOs and support from larger nations. Tunisia sponsors the STEP plan. China expressed the belief that MNCs originated for developing countries, that lack funding, and developed nations invest in these MNCs. Speaking about claims made by Egypt, China exclaimed that “they did not come to seek a friendly amendment.” New Zealand, on behalf of the STEP plan, proposed the question, “why is [the CLBE bloc] rewarding countries with MNCs for doing the bare minimum with human rights abuses?”

Written By Austria One Press

Separating Human Rights Abuses from Multinational Corporations

In the General Assemblies Four Committee, the topic on hand was the problematic tendencies of Multinational Corporations that abuse human rights. The delegate from Fiji took the stance that, although the country of Fiji is somewhat reliant on MNC’s (Multinational Corporations), they do recognize the problems they pose to human rights. The delegate from Fiji believes that preventing human rights abuses without removing MNC’s altogether would be the ideal solution. Fiji recognizes that MNCs provide important services to underdeveloped countries, such as jobs, so completely eradicating the corporations would not be the best solution. Thus, Fiji was quick to support the STEP and SALE initiatives which were predominantly headed by Norway and the Russian Federation. STEP stands for Support, Transparency, and Empowerment Preventative, and SALE stands for System Adjusting Labor Preventative. These two initiatives have roughly the same ideals, which mainly focuses on removing the human rights abuses from the MNCs, without uprooting MNCs altogether. 

The delegate from the Russian Federation gave this reporter lots of information on Russia’s stance on the SALE initiative. The delegate stated: “Russia believes that finding the middle road between MNCs and human rights abuses is crucial to this plan. Our goal is not to have MNC’s eradicated, but rather find the root of the issue through fair and thorough investigation.” The delegate also added that grouping countries by region to assess the extent of human rights abuses by MNCs is the best option instead of grouping economically, like China proposed. In the end, the goal of the of the initiative is to give every country a voice and to protect the people being disadvantaged from the human rights abuses of MNCs. 

Written By Fiji One

Household Cameras and Child Pornography 

Picture this: your five-year-old child is playing dress-up with their best friend. They remove their dress grandma sewed for them just to put on a pretty pink princess dress. All around the house, you have security cameras, simply with the intent of watching your children and keeping them safe. While these personal intentions are sound, many do not realize they are not the only ones watching their child play pretend. A few days later, national news breaks a story on hackers selling child pornography of little five-year-olds playing dress-up. Your child is out there, exposed, all for the world to see at their convenience. 

           Without proper privacy, the limits are endless for those who can hack and steal information or footage. In countries such as Turkey, Cote d’Ivoire, Cuba, etc., child pornography has become a significant issue regarding citizens’ privacy. In the General Assembly 1 session, countries discussed what could be considered a cyberterrorism attack and what could not be. Countries began discussing their working papers, and Turkey discussed their major security problem of child pornography. They were even entailing how hackers can hack into home security cameras and access child pornography to spread and sell on the internet. In working paper 1.4, there was a clause dealing with the general idea of child pornography, but Turkey believed it needed to have more action put towards it. 

           Turkey discussed how this is a relevant issue and not just a local issue but a worldwide issue that needs to be stopped. Only 69 countries possess “sufficient enough” laws to potentially prevent child pornography. This number is concerning. Many may wonder how child pornography can be tied to Cyberterrorism, which is where the issue is rooted. Child pornography does not get the attention or action needed to prevent it from happening. Many believe it is not as severe, so it does not need as much attention as it truly deserves. Turkey will continue fighting for a revision and more detailed clause in the working paper, fighting to resolve this issue of child pornography around the globe. 

Written By Anadolu Agency

The Benefits of the Merge

On Tuesday, October 12 the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal made the insightful decision to merge the aforementioned ERC (Education, Regulation, and Collaboration) resolution with other fellow delegates to create the universally beneficial PERCTS act. PERCTS standing for: Policy, Education, Regulation, Technology, and Scale. This new resolution allows for countries such as our own to work diligently towards the now feasible goal to manage hazardous waste properly. Some important and new things to note with this combined resolution are that a public and private partnership is being introduced alongside a reevaluated grading scale for waste of all kinds. This gives countries the support needed to combat hazardous waste production and promotes proper disposal. As said eloquently by the delegate of France (also a part of this merge),” The best way to get rid of waste is to stop it from being created in the first place.” and this merge is aimed to do just that. This merger was a crucial addition to the ongoing debate and a positive light for the future of waste management. 

Written By Rastriya Samachar Samiti

Cyberterrorism: It Affects us All

The issue of cyberterrorism has spread beyond just Australia. Cyberterrorism has been an issue for the past twenty years and each country has felt its effects. One of the first and most well-known happened to the United States in 2001 also known as 9/11 where planes were hacked and flown into the twin towers causing mass destruction and far too many causalities. Another attack that hit our very own country of Australia. This attack was on the waste management system in the early 2000’s. The issue of cyber security should be important to each and every one of the Australian citizens because the country of Australia has seen firsthand what these attacks can do. Therefore, what happens regarding new laws on how cybersecurity is handled could affect any citizen. A new idea that has been brought up and is currently being talked about in the DISEC committee is the idea that each country will provide support for each country and their region. For example, Australia would provide support for Oceania. Australian delegates currently support this idea. As voting takes place, we will see what happens and what laws get passed. 

Written By Australia Broadcasting Corporation

Addressing the concerns surrounding Cuba and China’s UNESCO partnership 

As working papers on the topic of Expanding Internet Access to Vulnerable Populations come to a finalization, a controversial partnership breaks out within the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Working papers 1.1 and 1.2, led by Iran/Cuba and China/Brazil respectively, have begun the process of merging due to the fact that they have similar policies and solutions. A big issue that has been pointed out by many countries in committee is censorship. Cuba and China’s relationship inflicts nerves on the rest of the delegation because of their history and shared communist ideals. Specifically, The Hellenic Republic (Greece) was the most outspoken about China and Cuba’s plan to include censorship. 

The Federative Republic of Brazil, however, spoke out in favor of the working paper and defended the solutions stated within the merger. Brazil clarified that the inclusion of censorship would only act in a way that would protect citizens from things like human rights violations, sexual misconduct, etc. This was supported by the People’s Republic of China, who further delegated that the laws put in place should be regulated by country, but based on international law.

Written By Xinhua News Agency

‘The best way to get rid of waste is to prevent it from being created in the first place’

“Gather the pieces that are left over. Let nothing be wasted.” Just like Jesus Christ told the disciples in John 6:12, the Holy See believes that waste management is the path for growth, as waste can eventually turn into energy. For this reason and many others, the Holy See fully endorses the merger between ERC (education regulation collaboration) and PETS (policy on education and technology scale): PERCTS (policy education regulation cooperation technology scale). Based on the 2009 report the UN created on waste pollution, PERCTS provides a scale in which countries can evaluate their waste management, or lack thereof. Taking into account the ‘buddy system’ that was being previously implemented, PERCTS is the better alternative as it compels countries to be self sustainable. This scale is significant as it helps Third World countries to better understand the importance of waste management and biodiversity. Through its ranking system (A, B, C, D, F which are ranked from best to worst respectively) which determines the amount of total waste a country exports per year, it incentivizes developing and developed countries alike to continue making progression limiting waste exports. It allows for a union of countries and private companies, with UNEP (United Nations environmental programme) is the middle man to prevent any sort of dependency. While it may be similar to a loan in many aspects, PERCTS does not implement an interest rate. PERCTS is a way private entities are able to invest in improving the infrastructure of developing countries, keeping in mind the big picture. It allows for the allocation of resources in areas in which there are current threats, or a lack of resources and accessibility to increased infrastructure and technology. Additionally, it will be a secure way to determine the use of funding for waste management development in the future. After all, ‘the best way to get rid of waste is to prevent it from being created in the first place’. 

Written By Holy See Press Office

Trusting Cybersecurity in the Hands of the Few

In General Assembly One, an interesting solution has been created to combat cyberterrorism and ensure cybersecurity, designated countries. A position paper created by a block consisting of Italy, the United States, and a majority of developed countries have written out an amendment that would delegate the responsibility of maintaining cybersecurity to the biggest nation in each region. For example, the United States would be responsible for maintaining cybersecurity for all the countries in Northern America and Russia would be in charge of maintaining cybersecurity for countries in Eastern Europe. Such a plan puts a lot of weight on the designated country to maintain cybersecurity while also giving the country a great deal of power. Countries such as Nepal and Italy have voiced their concerns with this plan, pointing out that the amendment has little specificity on what maintaining cybersecurity exactly means and no provisions to prevent designated countries from using their power for their own gain. Delegates are overwhelmingly concerned about this amendment. Russia, for example, is the designated country for Eastern Europe, despite the country’s history in cyberterrorism to varying levels. Giving such a country power to regulate the safety of the cyber world could lead to some negative ramifications and potentially endanger the rest of the Eastern European nations. This amendment is once again a show of the absolute power that superpower nations have on the rest of the nations in the United Nations and calls into question the intention of these nations to actually protect other nations or assert their power over them. The delegation from Italy has stated that they have heard concerns on the paper and are working on creating more clear language; however, the committee has just entered voting procedure and whether such alterations are going to happen is unclear and improbable. 

Written By Polska Agencja Prasowa

Opinión: Crisis en Venezuela

Cuba, in conjunction with other member states of the Organization of American States (OAS), is working to solve Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis this week. As a result of international financial pressures, many of those coming from U.S.-imposed sanctions and tariffs, Venezuela has fallen into a humanitarian crisis marked by long term economic instability and political dissent. The United States has engaged in propaganda and manipulation to frame Venezuela’s crisis as one caused by internal governmental failures, weakening the nation’s image and ability to maintain allies. Cuba, unlike other states, has remained an unwavering supporter of Venezuela politically and economically since Maduro’s time in office. As developed nations continue to contribute to Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis, Cuba continues to act as a beacon of cooperation and support between budding nations which have likewise been oppressed and misconceived as weak.

During negotiations, Cuba spoke in support of establishing bilateral agreements between the Venezuelan government and the Organization of American States. The resolution put forth by Cuba and her allies, including Argentina, bore in mind the current power struggle between Venezuela’s military and elected government. It moved to include President Maduro in negotiations considering his vast military sway. Recognizing that sanctions have placed immense pressure on Venezuela, the bloc also asserted the importance of lifting or decreasing sanctions and tariffs. Clause 3c of the proposed resolution states: “propose that states decrease tariffs and sanctions against Venezuela to help ease economic hardship on citizens.” Brazil, in a weak attempt to diminish the quality of the working paper, tore this clause down as a violation of national sovereignty despite the lack of authority or finality implied in the operative verb “proposes”. The opposition also expressed disdain at the inclusion of Maduro in negotiations with the OAS, especially considering the vote held by the OAS Permanent Council in 2019 not to recognize his second term. However, the reality is that he does hold sway in the government, especially when it comes to military power, and must be recognized in resolutions as such. Despite these reservations among committee members, the bilateral effectiveness and strength of Resolution 1.2, spearheaded by Cuba and Argentina, passed by a majority vote and will be going into effect promptly. The hope now is that developed capitalist nations will recognize the importance and sovereignty of Venezuela as a member of the American and world community.

Written By Presna Latina

Hazardous Waste From Developed Countries is Unacceptable

Within the committee GAPlen, the issues regarding waste management and hazardous waste were thoroughly discussed by many various nations. The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal stands strongly by points made during this debate. It is vital for Developed countries to take accountability for their unacceptable actions in regards to hazardous waste that is finding its way into our beautiful country. This waste is contaminated, incredibly destructive and this exploitation cannot be accepted any longer by lesser developed countries

Nepal holds dearly, alongside other delegations, the resolution ERC (standing for the Education, Regulation and Collaboration act). The primary goal of ERC is to incorporate sustainable methods of waste management through the means of education, regulation, and collaboration. Some specific solutions that were discussed are processing centers and state classifications of various kinds of waste that allow the prevention of contaminated waste. As well as facilitating the conversion of waste to energy. The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal urges strongly for other nations, especially developed countries, to do the same.

Written By Rastriya Samachar Samiti

Committee Session II Stories

Managing Industrial Hazardous Waste Pollution

Countries met in G.A. Plen to discuss how to best manage industrial hazardous waste pollution.

The first step in this is the removal of the already present waste. Austria suggested to convert the waste to energy without burning it. This was found to be a sustainable solution. Holy See advised to prevent moving waste to economically unstable countries. Pakistan and Dem. Korea brought economic decline and dependency on other nations to the attention of everyone else to show the urgency. Through all of this, Brazil advised countries to hold big corporations accountable for their contributions to pollution.

The second step is to work towards prevention. The main solution to waste prevention was found to be the buddy system. This posed many problems as many countries agreed while others didn’t. Countries that are for the buddy system include but are not limited to Portugal, Holy See, Turkey, the United States, Norway, Pakistan, and New Zealand. According to them, the buddy system was made to pair developed and well-off nations with undeveloped ones. This ensures underdeveloped nations have the guidance they need.

However, there are many countries that find great fault with the buddy system. These countries include Austria, Poland, Ivory Coast, South Korea, France, and Italy. According to them, the buddy system sers underdeveloped nations up to be taken advantage of. To prevent unnecessary risk, a “better fitting” plan, in the words of Kuwait, is in order.

Written by Khaama Press

How can workers be protected from Human Rights Abuses by Multi-National Corporations (MNCs)?

To answer this question, delegates of the many nations represented in General Assembly 4 provided a variety of answers. The five major focuses that delegates brought up during delegates brought up during debate were those of transparency, punishment, education, protection, and incentives in regards to MNCs. Most nations and coalitions argued for multi-faceted solutions, but some have more centralized plans. China, for example, focused greatly on transparency within corporations and suggested the CLB plan (Committees, Loans, and Betterment). This plan supported an international database to track MNCs and their behavior in order to reward corporations that act ethically and to protect poorer nations from those that don’t.

The CLB Plan did not satisfy many nations however, so a different plan devised by South Korea along with Poland and others began to emerge as a contender within the assembly. It has been labeled the STEPs Plan (Support, Transparency, Empowerment/Education, and Prevention) and is meant to devise a solution to the issue out of the many focuses that delegates brought up. The plan aims to directly help employees by providing them with education and starting their own litigation against unethical MNCs and through increased transparency within corporations. When asked on possible privacy issues in regard to the promised transparency, South Korea explained the transparency as a “positive good” that only takes away from corporations and protects workers from abuse. Their multi-faceted STEPs plan currently appears as the favored solution, but the assembly is yet to conclude.

Written By Haaretz

Expanding Internet Access

Expanding internet access is a debacle where a spectrum of conservative and liberal views overlap. The main question being asked is “to what extent?”.

To what extent should internet access be allowed. This question is interpreted through censorship. When observed, countries such as Poland, Bangladesh, New Zealand, and Fiji expressed disdain towards censoring media consumed by the public. On the other hand, Turkey stated how censorship is the most safe option including how all countries adopt censorship to some extent.

To what extent should internet expansion be funded and by whom? Poland, Bangladesh, and Turkey agreed that funding should be implemented by the system and come solely from the government. Poland brought up the point that infrastructure matters in regards to funding. New Zealand and Fiji had an opposing view, stating that funding should come from private corporations to best ensure an adequate amount is being spent.

Through several debates back and forth, the question still remains. To what extent should the people be allowed expanded, funded media?

Written by Khaama Press

Corruption and progress: two sides of the same coin 

The effects of globalization can be seen around the world. Due to the rapid rate of expansion of technological and scientific advancement, the gap between developing and developed countries grows larger every day. The benefits of the grand majority of the technological and scientific advancement of the last 100 years or so have been concentrated in advancing developed countries. Rich countries are getting richer, while poor countries have not enjoyed the same benefits. To try to combat poverty, countries need extensive investments to develop their infrastructure. This will help them become competitive in this global marketplace. This is a role that private companies would ideally fulfill. The NOCAP initiative proposes that private investors would risk losing their money to help out developing countries on the bet that they will flourish. In the end, companies are interested in participating in these projects not out of the goodness of their heart, but because of the great amount of money that can be gained. It’s the belief of the Holy See that the idea that the NOCAP resolution poses is illogical and not at all plausible. Sadly, the company that wins the bidding process is not usually the one with the resources to help out the country the most. It’s the one that gives money to government officials that do their bidding. Additionally, when thinking of developing countries, how can one improve infrastructure when there is nothing to improve? While this plan has a solid foundation, it is not realistic. Private companies aren’t looking to the security of profits. Their priority is to minimize risk. They need an incentive. That’s why the Holy See fully endorses the Financially Social Assistance plan. Considering the barriers surrounding this pressing issue, FSA provides a feasible solution, considering both financial and social implications. Through the use of the Tobin Tax, which has stabilized the economy of 13 nations though the use of a 0.01% tax on short-term transactions and the Technology Bank Expansion, which provides technological research development which promotes the development of lesser developed countries, the FSA proposal is a step in the right direction. FSA also promotes the use of education, particularly STEAM education and development, for all children. By making primary education accessible and required, FSA is giving more children more opportunities to flourish and grow. It’s educating the children of tomorrow. 

Written By Holy See Press Office

Split Between Nations

Industrial hazardous waste is an issue affecting the global population, yet producing a single solution proves as a struggle. As discussed in the General Assembly Plenary, there are many different approaches to the management of industrial hazardous waste pollution. The Buddy System plan favors the help from developed countries to developing nations, however, this plan is sponsored by mainly developed countries, concerning many delegations. The DASA plan, Developing Asian and South American countries, advocates for individual decisions on how to handle hazardous waste based on each country, stating that “these problems stem individually.” After speaking with delegates from both plans, it is concluded that a divide between developing and developed nations is present. A third proposal caught our attention, supporting the independence of developing countries while still receiving support from developed nations. After engaging in a conversation with a delegate from Italy, the idea of the “TBD” plan is to deal with existing waste pollution and to build preventative measures for hazardous waste in the future. France further explained the importance of a private-public partnership with reliant communities (as opposed to countries). On the financial side, this plan is investment-based, providing an incentive for developed countries to buy into it. The money given is reinvested in waste management technology, such as anaerobic digestion. Delegates from Austria provided a written statement, explaining that anaerobic digestion biologically converts waste into organic compost and biogas and is used for energy. In regards to oppression from developed states, France emphasized that any nation who feels as though their investments could be better spent will be given an easy way out. Yet, Italy stressed that it is in the favor of developed countries to place their money in this plan. Nonetheless, countries in support of the “TBD” plan include South Korea, France, Austria, Poland, Italy, and Australia, and we would like to see responses to this plan from more developing nations. 

Written By Austria Press Agency

The Development and Finalization of plans amongst the social, cultural, and humanitarian committee

As the day comes to an end, nations join together to unify and finalize plans and solutions within committees. The Social, cultural, and humanitarian committee (SOCHUM) advanced on their final papers regarding the barriers some nations face when accessing technological developments. This issue specifically targets less developed countries who lack the proper resources needed in order to ensure the general people updated technology. Nations gathered together amongst the committee to stabilize three set plans: The Financial, Social, Aid plan (FSA), The Stem, Educational, and Training plan (SET Plan), and the No Cap plan. Led by China, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq, the FSA plan led the room by addressing the problem head on. The FSA plan aims to provide financial and social aid to less developed countries. Their main goal regards the funding of their implementations, making sure that it is easily accessible and realistic. If the UN were to conform to the plan, Countries that follow it would have the voluntary option to oblige, whereas 0.01% of their taxes would be used towards the funding, called the riven tax. This would benefit the economy of said country and help those in less developed countries rise to societal standards. The SET plan focuses on the education expansion to less developed countries in order to increase the development of their society. Technology accessibility would increase the social status of many nations, making residents more successful and knowledgeable about the world around them. They would fund this by aid from developed countries such as the United States. The No Cap plan led by Egypt aims to provide technological jobs for women to potentially help various economies and end gender inequality. They also want to apply smart cities to various less developed countries, funded by Cuba loans. This plan has the most flaws amongst the three due to its inability to specify its reach to all less developed nations. Nations that criticize the plan regard the lack of funding for their ideas and strive away from it as it lacks development and inclusion. 

Written By Islamic Republic News Agency

Una Alanzia Poco Probable

Despite over sixty years of strained relations and the fairly recent imposition of sanctions by the United States on Cuba, the two countries have come together to face a common foe: cyberterrorism. The United Nations Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) has been tackling the issue of defining, combatting, and preventing cyberterrorism. Cuba’s own experience with cyberterrorism is vast, with social media and the internet being used to purvey dangerous messages against the state and sow chaos. In response, the state has imposed restrictions on internet access in Cuba to “prevent, detect, andrespond opportunely to possible enemy, criminal and harmful activities that could occur in cyberspace,” as stated by the Communications Minister of Cuba, Mayra Arevich. The Delegation of the United States, on the other hand, has asserted that “free and open internet should be the top priority (of the committee).”

So, where do these seemingly polar opposites intersect? The Republic of Cuba entered committee hoping to implement collaborative solutions to collective goals. Rather than taking a political angle and defending the integrity of the state when it came to internet usage, the delegation sought to focus on the privacy of individuals and corporations. Cuba does intend to continue to enforce its own internet restrictions for the sake of cybersafety and the common good, but is aware that the imposition of similar measures upon other nations might not be a realistic goal at this time. Along with the United States, the delegation of which eagerly cooperated on the resolution in hopes of facilitating relationships between developed and developing nations, Cuba constructed a resolution that would preserve national sovereignty in allowing states to take independent measures against cyberterrorism. By defining terms such as “hacktivism”, “cyberterrorism”, and “cybercrime”, the bloc sought to make clear the issue at hand, especially considering the lack of prior legal definitions available for these terms. The alliance further addressed the crisis through the use of “white hat hackers”: benevolent hackers that, for willing corporations offered a tax incentive, will attempt to hack into databases and servers in hopes of finding loopholes to repair and prevent future attacks. Innovative solutions like this one far surpassed in promise of effectiveness those of opposing nations like China, the delegation of which sought to take advantage of cybersecurity breaches for economic gain and increased control over citizens’ data. While the alliance was unexpected and entailed many compromises from both sides, Cuba and the United States represented the interests of the people in their efforts to negate efforts of cyberterrorists and also preserve national sovereignty for participating nations.

Written By Presna Latina

Controversial Solutions on the Topic of SOCHUM’s Technology Development Debate 

Controversy ensues as the Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee divides itself into three major sections. China takes the lead in one of these sections, putting forward the Financial and Social Assistance Program (FSA). This solution highlights the usage of the Tobin tax, a 0.01% tax on short term transactions that is completely voluntary to each country. Brazil and Fiji, alongside other countries, have created the STEM, Education and Training Program (SET), which focuses primarily on using education programs in developing countries and providing equitable access to technology. The third section, led by Egypt, is named the Nation Oriented City Advancement Program (NOCAP) and promotes partnering with private businesses and Non-Governmental Organizations to fund advanced specialized education programs and smart cities. This received the most criticism out of all the solutions, with the other two  sections of the committee coming to a consensus against the specifics of their solution. One of the controversial points brought up in committee is the sustainability of the actual program, as there is no base in developing countries for the program to develop smart cities in. Additionally, the People’s Republic of China stated that there is no jurisdiction for having a private business fund the infrastructure for the NOCAP solution, as placing the responsibility on a private business to fund a program like this would not be sustainable due to chances of bankruptcy on the business’s behalf.

Written By Xinhua News Agency

Censorship: How far is too far?

While in session, China strayed away from the main topic at the UNESCO session: internet access for all. Multiple times countries including our own Turkey, had to remind Chine that education for women was off topic. China themselves are contradictory as they are the most censored nation yet want to become a “smart city”. How can this be anything but contradictory?

Turkey believes that technology access to all will create an equal playing field for all citizens regardless of financial status. While this potentially poses challenges for security factors, we as a nation believe this overall access to technology will further our country. To keep these risk factors at a low, the government may propose a blanket security around the nations internet, to protect their citizens from misinformation. In theory everywhere would have access to technology so it would be impossible to not hold power over what on the internet can be displayed for the citizens and still further the country. We as Turkey, want UNESCO to provide technology and internet access for all, but what measure of censorship will be allowed? Censorship is necessary, but if nations abuse this power spreading misinformation, such as China, how will this positively impact our world? And more importantly will it further the knowledge of those who previously lacked access to technology?

Written by Anadolu Agency

A Contrast of the DASA and Buddy Initiatives

The topic discussed in the second session of the General Assembly Plenary Committee was the distribution of hazardous waste in undeveloped countries. There were two main proposals to the problem, the DASA plan and the buddy system. There was another plan in formation, the “Get Stuff Done” initiative, but this plan was very informal and few countries supported the initiative. Fiji supports the DASA plan, along with Argentina, Afghanistan, China, South Korea, and Brazil, which stands for Developing Asaian and South American countries. The aim of this plan is to have developing countries help other developing countries manage their hazardous waste. This plan was a direct contradiction of the buddy system, which proposes pairing developed countries with underdeveloped countries to help them get their hazardous waste under control. 

The delegation from Fiji stated that the buddy system encouraged dependency between the undeveloped and developed countries, which could lead developed countries to take advantage of undeveloped countries. As the delegate of Argentina described it, if the buddy system was voted into operation, many developed countries would lend money to developing countries, but later on, these countries would have to pay interest which would only benefit the developed countries in the long run. The delegation of Argentina also commented that through the buddy system, developed countries would undoubtedly exploit the minimal human and physical resources that these smaller, underdeveloped countries have. The delegation from Afghanistan, who supported the DASA plan, wanted to promote collaboration between underdeveloped countries instead of collaboration with developed countries. The delegation of Afghanistan also hopes that the plan will receive a special UN committee to oversee the process if the DASA initiative is voted into operation. A delegate from China emphasized the fact that the buddy system would promote an imperialist stance from developed countries on underdeveloped countries, which would be severely detrimental to underdeveloped countries. China also added that the DASA creates economic connectivity between growing countries, which creates benefits and incentives for everyone involved, unlike the buddy system. The delegation of South Korea expressed that the buddy system would create a power imbalance between underdeveloped countries and developed countries. Finally, Brazil remarked that the buddy system promotes the relationship between one major country and one minor country, but the DASA plan encourages a regional and global relationship between many countries. 

– Written by Fiji One

UNESCO and Their Approach to Internet Access

The take on who and what people have access to is becoming a more relevant issue due to the growth and popularity of the internet. Each country is taking a different approach to who can access the internet and how much the government is censoring the information they are given. For example, countries like Turkey believe in censoring what is on their internet. They believe this will promote safety as well as stop illegal things from happening. However countries such as Japan who is a very high-tech society and believe tech should be accessible everywhere. Australia is taking the “Pib” strategy which promotes the power of internet protection, as well as pro internet expansion. The UNESCO committee is continuing to come up with possible solution that will promote safe and easy internet access.

Written by Australia Broadcasting Corporation

Coming together as the United Nations

WHO delegates have run into an issue every UN delegate has probably experienced some time in their time at the UN, redundancy. As the Dais looks over the proposed working papers, she notes to the delegates that they have created papers that are repetitive with many similar initiatives. Which begs the question: Why does this keep happening? Well, perhaps, the United Nations aren’t as divided as they seem. The World Health Organization has convened to discuss how to improve healthcare infrastructure in the least developed countries. While they are discussing delegates keep saying the same theme: we have to help. The United Nations was founded on the basis of helping countries. But as the years have passed, bureaucracy and divides between countries have plagued the UN while it has tried to bring about its purpose of helping. Yet, as delegates come up to speak there is an understanding in the room that what they are doing is above issues they divide us. After a year apart due to the Covid-19 pandemic the importance of healthcare has been reinforced and as the delegates in the WHO Committee convene in the midst of this ongoing pandemic they are determined to come together and create a plan that will aim to create healthcare systems that will be better equipped to handle the crisis. Delegates are now working to bring their plans together and come out of this committee with a plan to help. It is a refreshing sight to see as countries such as the United States and North Korea work together to bring about a solution to the deteriorating health care systems. And as the delegation from Norway has stated they are working as “the United Nations, not the Divided Nations.” As debates continue, delegates will have to figure out how to best incorporate different aspects of their plans for the better and create working papers that will address the variety of issues connected with this problem and try and help them for the better, and they all are ready to fight for this cause.

Written By Polska Agencja Prasowa

Financial and Social Assistance Plan 

When discussing the topic of overcoming barriers of technology specifically in lesser developed countries, committees in GA3 (SOCHUM) developed the Financial and Social Assistance Plan with the support of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Nepal is working towards establishing a socialist economy to allow a priority of technology, science, and innovation. The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal strongly urges other nations to follow in its footsteps as it tries to increase support in lesser developed countries, push for UN funding in LDCs as well as introducing the Tobin tax within said LDCs. Although not Nepal’s top priority, education will also be introduced as another facet of support for these restructuring countries. Finally, with all these points of resolution in mind, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal stands proudly by the Financial and Social Assistance Plan as the most logical of the multiple introduced resolutions within GA3. 

Written By Rastriya Samachar Samiti

Collaboration or Sovereignty: Tackling the Waste Management issue from Opposing Sides 

In the General Assembly Plenary a Buddy System (now renamed Private Partnerships), similar to the twinning initiative in GA2 to promote tourism, has been proposed by developed countries’ delegates. However, delegates in the Plenary committee have taken an alternative approach to this similar program. The delegation from France has cited Abhijit Banerjee as an influence for their Buddy plan because of his use of private corporations instead of using the country’s own financial resources to aid developing countries. Abhijit Banerjee’s plan was celebrated for breaking down issues of poverty into smaller and more precise questions and using private corporations with a purpose when it comes to those specified questions. France and other developed nations are promoting the TBD plan that uses a Buddy System which uses the corporations of developed nations to help fund waste management initiatives. This system would use the UN as a moderator and facilitator for collaborations between private companies and developing countries. With countries such as France, Holy See, Italy, Poland, Australia, Austria, South Korea, as sponsors on this paper it has become one that is heavily supported by a lot of big players on the world stage. However, not everyone in the committee looks favorably upon this plan. 

A block consisting of various African and Middle Eastern countries such as Cote D’Ivoire, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, and Tunisia have an alternate plan that prioritizes the individual country and their goals. The plan is in support of individual decisions based on each country with the delegate from the Cote D’Ivoire stating that “[the issue] is different in each country and stems from different issues in each country.” The existence of this plan has created a rift between the developed and developing nations represented in the committee, with developed nations trying to help fund initiatives through private corporations of their nations in support of developing nations while developing nations have found that private corporations often are harmful to developing nations in the ways that they themselves create waste when they enter a nation. The funding for the middle eastern African coalition’s plan to be coming from the World Bank’s 4.7 billion fund designated for waste management it is going to be based in the UN whilst the TBD plan uses resources of private companies to build “a symbiotic relationship” between countries as explained by the delegate from Australia claiming that in their plan makes sure that “no country has power over the other.” This divide that has been created is interesting yet common for many UN conferences as it shows the existing inequality in the UN which is a representative of inequality in the world. While developed nations try to aid developing nations, developing nations cling to their own sovereignty and try to create plans that’ll work best for them in fear of creating a plan that will make them dependent and subject to another developed nation as this happened so many times in history before. As the plans continue to develop, countries will be at odds in figuring out a way to deal with waste management while keeping their country’s interest at heart. The delegation from Poland is hoping to garner support for the TBD plan as it continues to create lasting relationships between countries across the globe and aims to solve the waste management issue together.

Written by Polska Agencja Prasowa

Committee Session I Stories

Final Discourse on the Right to be Forgotten

As session one is reaching a close, the delegates in General Assembly 6 have entered into the process of finalizing their working papers on the topic of the right to be forgotten. Delegates engaged in conversation during caucuses revolving mainly around questions of the required specificity and definitions in the resolutions. Separate coalitions proposed papers which differed greatly on the systems to be put in place to support the right. They also disagreed on the full definition and reach of the right to be forgotten. One group is seeking the development of court systems to process requests for data to be removed in cases where the data is defamatory or no longer relevant.

Other groups have proposed more proactive resolutions than the previously described paper. One group is seeking the right to be forgotten to be listed as an international human right. This group also wants online data used for advertising, such as that collected by search engines, to be expunged after serving its intended purpose. This plan differs from those previously listed in its intent for NGOs to delete data they’ve acquired without court requests. The final outstanding difference between papers is exemptions for public figures on the right to be forgotten. The delegates plan to vote on papers tomorrow.

Written By Haaretz

Opposition from several nations towards China’s approach towards nuclear issues 

The topic regarding strengthening agency safeguards, within the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) posed various questions for nations who wish to regulate control of nuclear power and distribute it safely and evenly. Iran would consider discussing its policies regarding its nuclear distribution; however it does see certain reforms as pretextual. Iran believes that certain regulations posed by the IAEA could be simply a threat towards the deprivation of their own nuclear technology. Within the session, Italy posed the concern to focus reforms to a more regional aspect, where countries within a certain region would develop solutions specificto the surrounding area. This proposal was widely acclaimed by various nations such as Egypt, France, and Japan. China then motioned for a more industrial focused plan called the Belt and Road Initiative. The plan pushes for Chinese owned infrastructure and technology, stretching from East Asia throughout Europe in order to expand China’s political and economic influence, however it has been known for its controversy. Nations such as Egypt and Italy opposed the plan due to the view that China is trying to rise in power and domination through its major reach. Norway believes through this plan, China would be overstepping national sovereignty. Many other nations saw flaws and concerns with China’s initiative. China regarded the various concerns by assuring that they would revise their current order of the initiative and pose it where vulnerable nations would be accounted for and not be discriminated against. Despite this, nations still drove away from China’s proposal and gathered to plan ways to combat the issue without Chinese influence. The group consisting of Greece, Thailand, and Egypt focused on a pragmatic solution, reducing the production of nuclear powers all together, and ending the construction of nuclear weapons indefinitently. 

Written by Iranian Republic News Agency

Valuing Migrant Workers Through the ILO

As debate continues in the International Labor Organization, delegates face the issue of how to best approach the issue, long-term or short-term. While short-term solutions aim to amend the exploitation migrant workers currently face, long term solutions aim to build up the economies of developing countries to avoid the migration of workers in the first place.

While delegates debate, the current state of the issue begs the question, can countries build their economies with outside aid without discrimination and exploitation? Developed countries such as the United Kingdom and Japan say yes, Cuba points out that these countries may only be looking out for themselves and their migrant-worker based economies. In the aftermath of Covid-19, Poland has opened its borders once again for migrant workers as its done before and Poles have accepted them into Polish society. Developing countries arguments that worse developed countries are exploiting may just be ill-founded as a defense for loosing workers due to their floundering and corrupt economies. When in reality, developed countries such as Poland value migrant workers, they are just weary of loosing their own countries workers and cultures. Hopefully the U.N. will work to create initiatives that will help developing countries strengthen their economies, but for the time being migrant workers should have opportunities to better themselves in countries with work for them ready.

Written by Polska Agencja Prasowa

How do you define the right to be forgotten?

Who really wants to be forgotten? Hypothetically, if someone were to be accused of a heinous crime, it’s likely that some news source would have an opinion to say on the matter. This opinion might ruin someone’s life or reputation. As always, the Holy See truly believes that everyone has a God given right to lead a dignified life. In some case, the internet can go against this belief. 

How would one define the right to be forgotten? Is it the freedom that an individual has to their own private and personal information? Is it the freedom a corporation or governmental body has to remove said information if it is found to be unlawful or irrelevant? Does it entail what procedure to follow if the rights of an individual are violated? When can one say that information is irrelevant, inaccurate, defamatory or arbitrary? How do corporations play into this idea? Whose point of view is more relevant, the individuals’ or those of the corporation? Where do individual rights end, and where does the public’s right to information begin? 

All these questions and more were discussed and debated on October 11 in the GA6 committee. Along with Argentina, Egypt and many other delegates, the See of Rome believes that the definition of the right to be forgotten is as follows: The right to be forgotten is the freedom to have personal data removed from Internet search engine results from under an individual’s name when publication of such data is deemed unlawful, is deemed unnecessary, and/or is not consented to by the individual, so long as the removal of such data does not obstruct any other freedoms or legitimate public interest. 

In the next sessions, this committee will strive to find ways to allow consumers and companies to have access to more information regarding internet safety through the use of online seminars, as well as the implication this right has in healthcare. Additionally, the Holy See strongly believes that international action is ne​​eded regarding when to remove data and vice versa. The Holy See believes that at this stage that AIR (action of international regulations) is thought to be the way to go about these relevant topics of discussion. This representative is curious on how international and domestic applications of this definition will be used. As can be expected, there will always be countries that will not be willing to cooperate. And in the end, how will countries manage to hold themselves accountable? 

Written by Holy See Press Office

China’s Endeavors in Developing the Belt and Road Plan

Across several committees, the People’s Republic of China has been initiating the use of the Belt and Road Plan. This plan stems from China’s Silk Road and enhances economic opportunities in the East through the transportation of goods.

However, the plan has not been well-received in all committees. In the International Atomic Energy Agency, there has been a major wave of opposition directed at China’s use of the Belt and Road Initiative. Some of the main players leading this opposition in the IAEA are Japan, Egypt and Italy. Delegates representing the aforementioned countries held the belief that the approach only acted in China’s interest. Additionally, countries such as Thailand, Canada, Russia and Norway state that China’s plan acts outside of the capabilities of the IAEA. When given the chance to respond, China clarified the goals of their plan were not for China’s personal economic gain, but rather to help developing countries have the ability to develop and maintain nuclear and atomic safeguards that are equitable to those of more developed countries. With the cooperation of other countries, China would be able to use the Belt and Road initiative as a base to create a more collaborative plan to adress the concerns of other countries in the committee.

In the International Labor Organization, similar allegations of China’s plan acting in self-interest were by shared by the Republic of Iraq. Despite being in agreeance with the transportation plan being pushed by China, Iraq stated that, because of current tensions between China and Taiwan, the People’s Republic of China is not in the most stable economic position to be delegating a plan of this sort. However, China’s rebuttal to this statement highlighted that their plan to provide transportation to bring migrant workers into the country would support economic growth under a safe environment in which they would have connections to their culture and community.

Written by Xinhua News Agency

Migrant Workers – ILO

The many countries present in the ILO today met to discuss best facilitate migrant workers while also ensuring their civil rights. The preferred outcomes from this are the long term goal of an economic boost and the short term goal of increase government involvement. Major disagreements stemmed from whether or not to stall immigration.

Many countries did not feel the need to stop people from immigrating in order to help migrant workers. Brazil, for example, mentioned creating an economic base for migrants. Cote d,Ivore, Poland, Italy, and Brazil suggested creating a form of sustainable transit with Poland including the point that all migrant workers stay permanently in foreign countries. Yemen lead with their point that we should as bring up poorer countries that migrants come from. Countries, overall, that seemed to be in favor of continuing immigration parallel to helping migrant workers include but are not limited to Brazil, Korea, Canada, Poland, Nepal, China, Japan, Cote d’Ivoire, Iraq, and Italy.

Slightly on the opposing side, agreeing actions need to be taken to protect migrant workers while also not in favor of the current rate of immigration, we find Cuba, Chile, and the United Kingdom. Cuba, as a third world country, constantly furthered the point that we need to focus on migrant workers without the economy to do so. The United Kingdom mentioned how immigration is currently disrupting equilibrium, making it harder to deal with the current situation. Many other countries were concerned about how their own economies will be affected by investing in protecting migrant workers, resulting in a more conservative stance. Is it possible to find a sustainable solution that ensures long term protection of migrant workers?

Written by Khaama Press

Healthcare Waste in Turkey

Throughout the past few years, industrial hazardous waste pollution has increasingly arose as a problem within the UN. In recent efforts made by scientists as well as politicians, Turkey has reduced their pollution astronomically. While this is mostly true, many large densely populated cities continue to struggle with the reduction of hazardous waste. In the city of Istanbul, known as one of the most medically advanced cities in Turkey, produces mostly medical waste. This comes as a shock, as Turkish officials have rallied for the continued support of a more effective means of waste reduction.

While in the midst of a civil war, Yemen was struggling with some of the same issues regarding medical hazardous waste. During the General Assembly Plenary, Yemen discussed their poor waste management due to the civil war. They actually produced 10 million ton hill of medical supplies, all increasing Yemen’s amount of hazardous waste pollution. Turkey and its officials need to come together to reduce the medical waste in Instanbul, potentially helping Yemen with their medical waste. The government needs to continue their effort, as discussed in the General Assembly Plenary

– Written by Anadolu Agency

The Importance of The Right to be Forgotten

In GA6 on Monday, October 11 debate was opened in regards to the vitally important issues involving the right to be forgotten. The right to be forgotten is a crucial aspect of understanding an individual’s right to privacy and their right to public information. In these times of internet domination, corruption among large public figures becomes a major topic of discussion. Not many people have the necessary knowledge required to protect themselves in times like these. This is why the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is wholeheartedly in support of publicly available education in regards to the right to be forgotten including an optional adult course, K-12 program, and online seminars. 

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal intends to work alongside SLAP (the Speech Legitimacy Approval Buro), a United Nations subcommittee, intended to establish a formal international definition for the right to be forgotten allowing the prevention of infringement on personal rights and corruption on an international level. 

– Written by Rastriya Samachar Samiti

La Lucha por los Trabajadores Cubanos

“What we are not willing to negotiate and what we will not give in one iota is the revolution, socialism, and our sovereignty.” -President Miguel Diaz-Canel

This week, the United Nations Special Political Decolonization Committee is discussing the human rights abuses of Multinational Corporations (MNC’s). This issue’s roots run deep, with historical colonization being a large contributor to economic globalization and thus the development of MNC’s.  A multinational corporation can be defined as one that has operations in one or more countries in addition to the state in which it is based. The practices of these corporations are often destructive, as it is nearly impossible to fully implement and enforce laws upon them outside of their main country of operation. As a result, they are able to take advantage of workers in the uncontrollable and corrupt private sector.

Cuba, as the percentage of employment in the private sector versus public increases, fears for the rights of its workers. Multinational corporations are able to take advantage of workers with ease, especially in a developing nation with a history of colonialism like Cuba. Larger developed nations continue to make the vast majority of the profit from these corporations, while also avoiding their human rights implications. The United Nations Delegation of Cuba offered the following insight, exclusive to Presna Latina, on the crisis: “The only viable solution here is to go through workers— by hurting MNC’s, developing countries are hurt as well.” Among other delegations, there have been talks of sanctioning corporations or enforcing tighter regulations, but it is difficult to see how these solutions will pan out considering their failure to prevent human rights violations in the past. The Cuban delegation will likely continue to advocate for greater protection and education of workers, keeping in mind the deep dependency of developing nations on MNC’s, as resolutions begin to take shape. 

– Written by Presna Latina

Aid vs. Exploitation

Delegates in the Economic and Finance committee has begun debate by discussing the potential benefits the tourism economy may have for combatting poverty. Some solutions include China’s Twinning Initiative, where one developed and another developing country would pair up to aid one another in promoting tourism for each other.

Various delegates are concerned that a twinning plan would potentially turn into an exploitative relationship where developed countries would have to provide a disproportionate amount of aid despite their tourism industry potentially not needing similar aid. Bringing up, once again, the constant struggle between developed countries wanting to solve problems but at their own expense. While a valid concern, this issue speaks to the very heart of the UN’s purpose. As an organization aimed to bring about unity among countries, the UN must allow must also face the inequalities within its committees and make sure a country is being exploited, an issue that will continue to be debated in GA2 through the subject of tourism in the coming days.

– Written by Polska Agencja Prasowa

A Positive Direction Towards Waste Management

The issue of waste management and how to handle it has been a controversial issue in each country. Every country chooses a different approach on how to handle the issue at hand. Some countries feel more vulnerable to waste management such as Cuba. Cuba proposed what they call a three prongs plan. This plan focuses on the international aspects of waste management and keeping each country accountable. Another country that believes they are vulnerable to waste management is Yemen. Yemen is experiencing over 10 million tons of waste and due to continued bombing they are unable to keep waste management facilities open. Egypt brought up the point of taxing countries who are unable to keep waste management under control. This would directly effect Yemen. Australia believe in taking a less aggressive approach that would have less harmful effects on countries like Yemen. Australian delegates proposed the idea of a reward system for how much waste management they maintain. As well as ranking countries to hold them accountable. The approach Australia plans to take is a more rewarding approach to both the environment and each country

– Written by Australian Broadcasting Corporation

Education’s Impact on Technological Development

In General Assembly Third Committee, SOCHUM, delegates discussed overcoming barriers to technological development. Many nations requested a focus on better education, particularly STEM education, in less developed countries. The AAA education plan, proposed by the delegations of Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Russia, and the United Kingdom, suggests that accessible, adequate, and affordable education be provided in underdeveloped countries. Such implementations would result in an increase in technological developments in these nations. In a moderated caucus, the delegate from Japan noted that “60% of the workforce is dominated by men,” and a bigger focus should be placed on women in STEM fields and education. In agreement with Japan, both Italy and Iceland believe that supporting women in STEM education will better help break barriers in technological development. 

Denmark, however, stated that education was not the primary barrier in technological development and more focus should be invested in other areas. Certain barriers included: cultural barriers, rapid brain drain in less developed areas, and lack if insurance and stability. Many nations were interested in having one focus, education, and looked past Denmark’s requests. Aside from focusing on education, a delegation did propose the use of the United Nation’s tech bank in less developed countries and gained support from other countries.

– Written By Austria Press Agency

Fiji’s plans to Promote Education as a Solution to Technological Barriers in Underdeveloped Countries

The first topic of the General Assembly Third Committee was Overcoming Barriers to Technological Development. Many of the remarks put forth in the moderated caucus involved education as a solution to the technological barriers in underdeveloped countries. Fiji worked closely with Brazil, France, the United States, and Cuba during the unmoderated caucus to come up with numerous education plans to promote technological development. For instance, Fiji proposed the SET initiative which serves to empower educators in underdeveloped countries to nurture STEM subjects in the classroom. Brazil proposed the BET plan, an extension of  Fiji’s SET plan, which would implement sustainable education and a global trade alliance to expand think tanks in undeveloped countries. Brazil also suggested that underdeveloped countries call upon citizens in urban areas who are educated in STEM to share their thoughts and ideas to peers around them as a form of education to prevent technological barriers.

Cuba, although not closely associated with Fiji, suggested the AAA plan, which built off of Fiji’s plan. AAA stands for Accessible, Adequate, and Affordable education to promote STEM in order for the next generation to understand technology, which will hopefully decrease technological barriers and promote efficient education.  In accordance with Fiji, South Korea advocated for STEM education at primary levels so that the effects of citizens’ education will be long-lasting, and avoid a technological crisis in the future. France also agreed with South Korea and added that more developed countries were needed to put the plans set forth by Figi, Cuba, South Korea, and Brazil into action. 

– Written by Fiji One

Welcome to Press Corp 2021

This will be the official home of all content created by the Press Corp during GTMUN 2021 and will be updated throughout the conference. Keep reading and refreshing to stay updated on all the action and excitement happening at GTMUN!

– USG Press Corp: Sonia Doshi