The World Health Organization is focusing on preventing pollution of drinking water. There are currently five plans in the works the Big Brother Plan, FAIR plan, HIPE plan, DREAM plan, and SAIL plan.
The Big Brother plan, backed by the United States, Kuwait, and Brazil, focuses on developed countries aiding developing countries in minimizing waste. This would be done through a coalition to prevent corruption. The plan would look at each country through said unbiased coalition and aid countries in enacting sustainable institutions. The United States stated, “The Big Brother plan is an adaptable proposal and is a three-step initiative that strives to improve access to clean water by: identifying countries in need of Big Brother help, further analysis/ implementation of revised water sanitation guidelines, and the development of a non-biased international clean water coalition led by a civilian council that monitors progress made in previous steps.”
The FAIR plan, backed by Denmark and Belgium, also uses developed countries for funding to aid developing countries. However, it uses these funds to create an infrastructure, so that eventually the country can be independently sustainable. The plans uses the JMP ladder to analyze each individual country so that aid can be provided according to their needs. Denmark states, “Denmark believes that the FAIR plan would create a multifaceted plan that address all countries as a whole and provides help specific to each country without binding developing countries to developed.”
The SAIL plan is a four step program that focuses on identifying countries in need, providing plumbing and sewage treatment, finding clean ways to treat contaminated water, and penalizing industries illegally contaminating water. In a statement from Spain, “One of the main things that sets the SAIL plan apart is the use of a cluster analysis. Countries will be grouped together based on their water usage, sources of pollution, and socioeconomic status. This way, these countries can collaborate to create solutions and share successful solutions that fit their specific water needs.”
The HIPE plan, backed by Mexico, New Zealand, and focuses heavily on prevention. The plan hopes to make vaccines and antibiotics more accessible to combat existing problems as well as education to prevent people from further worsening the situation. They also plans on limiting toxic dumps by giving tax breaks to companies who prove their waste management to be beneficial to the environment. In a statement from Mexico, “The HIPE plans dresses Heathecore, infrastructure, purification, and education. Mexico truly believes that this plan covers all aspects of this issue, and brings together a variety of solutions. Some of our specific clauses involve, vaccinations, antibiotics, filtration, and education on staying hygienic. Another clause involves maintaining infrastructure in developing countries. By attaching all parts of this problem, the HIPE plan is one that inspires hoping all those afflicted.”
The DREAM plan, backed by Israel and Egypt, focuses heavily on regulating industries’ waste. They plan to form a committee to do research on each country’s pollution creation and plans to combat each country individually. They plan on getting reports annually from companies to understand how their waste is being handled, and that there is no harm being done to the water and the environment. In a statement from Israel, “the DREAM plan focuses on industrial as well as agricultural specific ideas so that both rural and urban areas have lasting benefits.”